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Razvoj govora kod dece

RAZVOJ GOVORA KOD DECE
Kako se razvija govor?
Brojne teorije govore o tome, ali ni jedna nije potvrđena. Veruje se da se govor razvija kod beba putem imitiranja glasova, slogova pa većih jdinica jezika, a zatim mentalnom preradom uz pomoć adaptiranog govora roditelja, tj u komunikaciji sa okolinom, ti glasovi, slogovi…dobijaju svoje značenje. Takođe je važno naglasiti da postoji uzrasno ograničenje, posle kojeg je nemoguće usvojiti jezik.
   Viktor-12 god       interakcionisti- Džim
Iste teorije važe i kod usvajanja drugog jezika, s tim što učenik već ima usvojenu jezičku strukturu maternjeg jezika na koji se nadovezuje.
  Creative construction Hypothesis- Stivena Krašena je najveći uticaj imala na praksu kod učenja stranog jezika.
Jezik je kod. Poznavanje koda uslov je za komunikaciju. Upotreba jezika osnova je verbalne komunikacije. Međutim, postoji i neverbalna komunikacija.
Komponente jezika: 1. Dikcija
                                    2. Intonacija
                                    3. Gestovi
                                    4. Mimika
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Fonetika – tabela glasova i slova

English Phonetics – Reference Table

Vowels

IPA Phonetic   Symbol Example
tree, sea,   receive, women, believe, we, people
bit, symbol,   recall, business
cat, apple,   compact
car, far,   garage, heart
sort, ball,   ought, awful, board, floor, audacity, saw
put, foot,   could, butcher, woman
fool, rule,   shoes, true, crew, move, through
up, other,   but, couple, blood, love
her, first,   turn, search, word
until, about,   alias
bed, effort,   head, said, friend
rock, impossible,   body, cough, knowledge

Diphthongs

IPA Phonetic   Symbol Example
tray, eight,   make, sail, say, great, ace
sky, I, bye,   buy, by, guide, flight, rye, die,   choir [‘kwair]
joy, coin,   oyster
     -r (amer.) fear, beer,   here
     -r (amer.) hair, care,   there, hare
     -r (amer.) tour, poor
trousers, cow,   hour, our
joke, coat,   own, go, though, sew, toe

Consonants

IPA Phonetic   Symbol Example
parking, gallop,   open
board, tab,   abandon
trunk, request,   receipt
add, ad, diligent
kodak, cord,   accomplish, school, ache, conqueror, exchange   (x = k+s)
grace, agree,   auxiliary (x = g+z)
chance, achieve,   catch, mutual
jungle, judge,   logic, procedure
fool, atmosphere,   enough
vocal, give
thanks, ethic
there, other
sunday, citizen,   east, scissors, psychology
zebra, cosmonaut,   scissors, resign, xenon
shine, sure,   action, special, issue, conscience, anxious   (x = k +      )
visual, casual,   usual, garage,
head, uphill
mother, lamb
note, intrusion,   knowledge, pneumatic
sing, sink
laughter, illegal
random, orange;   (amer.) order
yet, yesterday,   you, utility; (u = j + u)
what, windows,   quest, one (o = w +      )

 

 

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Kako da kod kuće napravite dugu

duga

English: Rainbow Experiments | Science
Lesson Plan Activities

Themes

Instructions and   Suggestions

Materials

Science   > Weather   > Rainbow Theme This are two simple experiments   to simulate how a rainbow is caused.What is a rainbow? A rainbow is a curved arc of light of   many colors across the sky. Rainbows are caused by the sun’s shining through   drops of water during or after a rain.Incorporate these with any activity or holiday with a rainbow theme.

Rainbow Experiment #1: Catching a Rainbow Indoors

Materials: clear glass or medium sized clear jar filled with water to the   top, window sill, bright sunlight, white paper, watercolor paints or crayons.Instructions:

1. Fill a glass or clear jar   with water to the top.

2. Set glass/jar on window sill   in bright sunlight.

3. Glass or jar should stick out   over the ledge just a little bit.

4. Place a white piece of paper   on the floor in front of the window (tape 2 or 3 pieces to form a poster size   and obtain a bigger rainbow image).

5. A rainbow will be   captured/reflected on the paper. This will greatly depend on how bright the   sunlight is and the positioning of the glass jar, so move the jar side to   side on the window sill to help the process until you see the rainbow   reflected on the paper.

6. Quickly draw lines to capture the rainbow and children can paint directly   on the paper in the floor as the rainbow is reflected there.

For an experiment for older children (6+) you may want to try Kidzone’s   Catch a Rainbow Experiment

Rainbow Experiment #2: Catch a Rainbow with a Garden Hose
The sun must be shining, with your back to the sun. Have child hold the hose   and help child make a fine mist and find the rainbow! (usually the hose will   have a hose mister that can be adjusted to achieve a fine mist)

Materials:   clear glass or medium sized clear jar filled with water to the top, window   sill, bright sunlight, white paper, watercolor paints or crayons

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